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Sun Safety

Skin cancer is on the rise. The good news is that skin cancer is preventable.

 Be sun safe - Follow these simple steps:

 

  • When the UV Index is 3 or higher, protect your skin as much as possible. In general the UV Index in Canada can be 3 or higher from 11 a.m. to 3 p.m. between April to September, even when it’s cloudy. 
  • Use sunscreen labelled “broad spectrum” and “water resistant” with an SPF of at least 30. Also use sunscreen lip balm.
  • Don’t use UV tanning equipment or deliberately try to get a suntan, and avoid getting a sunburn. 
  • Wear sunglasses or eyeglasses with UV-protective lenses (UV 400 or 100% UV protection) when outdoors all year round. Wear a hat with a wide brim to help protect your skin and eyes. 

Find out more here on Sun Safety fact sheets: 

Check the UV Index daily

  • The higher the UV Index number, the stronger the sun’s rays and the greater the need to take precautions.

Seek out or create shade for outdoor activities

  • Trees can reduce UV radiation by up to 50%. No trees nearby? Seek shade under an umbrella or shade structures.
  • Remember the Shadow Rule…. No shadow, seek shade!

Cover up with clothing

  • Wear clothes that cover as much skin as possible and a hat with a wide brim; they should suit the activity and weather.
  • Clothing designed to cover as much skin as possible will offer the best protection.
  • Many manufacturers now offer materials that can protect you from the sun. These fabrics come with different degrees of protection and are rated with an ultraviolet protection factor (UPF).
  • When choosing clothing, look for a UPF of 15 to 50 or higher. This fabric will allow only 2% to 6% of the UV radiation to pass through, blocking at least 94% of UV rays from reaching your skin.
  • Weave and colour can affect the UPF of fabric. Look for fabrics that have a tight weave and dark colour. Darker colours absorb more UV radiation and provide better sun protection.

Think about it: If you raise your clothing up to light and light passes through, the sun’s rays will do the same and expose you to UV radiation.

Prevent heat-related illness

The combination of high heat and high humidity can cause heat-related illness.  Read more on how to